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History of The Rosary


The father of the Holy Rosary is considered to be St. Dominic, to whom the Blessed Mother was to be revealed and ordered to spread this prayer all over the world. It was not, however, the Rosary as it is today.

The rosary became for St. Dominic is an effective weapon in the fight against the Albingens’ heresy. Legend has it that it was during one of his expeditions, during which he fought against this heresy, that the rosary prayer was born. Despite fasting and prayers, the ministry of St. Dominika was not bearing fruit. Then the Mother of God appeared and instructed Dominik not only to preach but to combine them with the recitation of the so-called Psalter of Mary, that is, 150 Hail Mary and 15 Our Father. From then on, St. Dominik interweaved his teachings with a rosary prayer, in which he pondered with the audience the content of the teachings.

The name of the Rosary comes from the Middle Ages. In the mentality of the time, the created world was treated as a book about God, and in nature, spiritual realities were perceived. Flowers played a special role, they symbolized various features. Often flowers were offered to God and loved ones. Prayers were treated as spiritual flowers. And that is why saying the rosary was compared to giving Our Lady of roses. Hence, this prayer was called a wreath of roses, or rosary.

The final shape of the rosary was established in the 15th century thanks to the Dominican Alamus a la Roche (1428-1475). He set the number 150 “Hail Mary” to the pattern of 150 psalms, which he divided into dozens interwoven with the prayer “Our Father”. To spread this prayer, he founded the first rosary fraternity. Thanks to the Dominican Order, the prayer of the rosary became known throughout the Church in the 15th century.

How to Pray The Rosary?


  1. Sign of Cross and “Apostles’ Creed”.
  2. “Our Father”.

  3. Three times “Hail Marys”.

  4. “Glory Be”, “O My Jesus”.

  5. First Mystery and “Our Father”.

  6. Ten “Hail Marys”.

  7. “Glory Be”, “O My Jesus”.

  8. Next Mystery and “Our Father”.

  9. Repeat steps 5-7.

  10. “Hail Holy Queen”.

  11. Sign of Cross.

How to Pray The Rosary

Mysteries of The Rosary


Joyful Mysteries

  1. The Annunciation. Fruit of the Mystery: Humility
  2. The Visitation. Fruit of the Mystery: Love of Neighbour
  3. The Nativity. Fruit of the Mystery: Poverty, Detachment from the things of the world, Contempt of Riches, Love of the Poor
  4. The Presentation of Jesus at the Temple. Fruit of the Mystery: Gift of Wisdom and Purity of mind and body (Obedience)
  5. The Finding of Jesus in the Temple. Fruit of the Mystery: True Conversion (Piety, Joy of Finding Jesus)

Sorrowful Mysteries

  1. The Agony in the Garden. Fruit of the Mystery: Sorrow for Sin, Uniformity with the Will of God
  2. The Scourging at the Pillar. Fruit of the Mystery: Mortification (Purity)
  3. The Crowning with Thorns. Fruit of the Mystery: Contempt of the World (Moral Courage)
  4. The Carrying of the Cross. Fruit of the Mystery: Patience
  5. The Crucifixion and Death of our Lord. Fruit of the Mystery: Perseverance in Faith, Grace for a Holy Death (Forgiveness)

Glorious Mysteries

  1. The Resurrection. Fruit of the Mystery: Faith
  2. The Ascension. Fruit of the Mystery: Hope, Desire to Ascend to Heaven
  3. The Descent of the Holy Spirit. Fruit of the Mystery: Love of God, Holy Wisdom to know the truth and share it with everyone, Divine Charity, Worship of the Holy Spirit
  4. The Assumption of Mary. Fruit of the Mystery: Union with Mary and True Devotion to Mary
  5. The Coronation of the Virgin. Fruit of the Mystery: Perseverance and an Increase in Virtue (Trust in Mary’s Intercession)

Luminous Mysteries

Pope John Paul II, in his apostolic letter Rosarium Virginis Mariae (October 2002), recommended an additional set called the Luminous Mysteries (or the “Mysteries of Light”)

  1. The Baptism of Jesus in the Jordan. Fruit of the Mystery: Openness to the Holy Spirit, the Healer.
  2. The Wedding at Cana. Fruit of the Mystery: To Jesus through Mary, Understanding of the ability to manifest through faith.
  3. Jesus’ Proclamation of the Kingdom of God. Fruit of the Mystery: Trust in God (Call of Conversion to the Messiah)
  4. The Transfiguration. Fruit of the Mystery: Desire for Holiness.
  5. The Institution of the Eucharist. Fruit of the Mystery: Adoration.

When Are The Mysteries of Rosary Prayed?


The rosary can be prayed in its entirety, all four parts, but each of them is assigned to different days of the week:

  • Joyful Mysteries of the rosary – prayed on Monday and Saturday,
  • Sorrowful Mysteries of the rosary – prayed on Tuesday and Friday,
  • Glorious Mysteries of the rosary – are prayed on Wednesday and Sunday,
  • Luminous Mysteries of the rosary – recited on Thursday.

All Prayers


Apostles’ Creed: 

I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth. I believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary. He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried; he descended to hell. The third day he rose again from the dead. He ascended to heaven and is seated at the right hand of God the Father almighty. From there he will come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic* church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

Our Father: 

Our Father, Who art in heaven, Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy Kingdom come. Thy Will be done,  on earth as it is in Heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.

Hail Mary:

Hail, Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou amongst women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death.

Glory be:

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end.

O my Jesus:

O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fire of hell, lead all souls to heaven, especially those who are in most need of Thy mercy.

Hail Holy Queen:

Hail, holy Queen, mother of mercy, our life, our sweetness, and our hope. To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve. To thee do we send up our sighs mourning and weeping in this valley of tears. Turn then, most gracious advocate, thine eyes of mercy toward us, and after this our exile show us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus. O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary.
Pray for us, O Holy Mother of God.
That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.


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Hello, my name is Damian and I am from Poland, I moved to the USA in 2014. I started attending Latin mass in St. Cantius (Chicago) at the end of 2020 and that is where I found Peter and Paul’s group and felt a real faith.